Tredyffrin Easttown Historical Society
History Quarterly Digital Archives

Source: July, 1938 Volume 1 Number 4, Pages 2–21

Philadelphia's Celebration
of the
Adoption of the Constitution
July 4, 1788

Phoebe P. Prime

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The following account of the Grand Federal Procession, which took place in Philadelphia July 4, 1788, to celebrate the ratification of the Constitution at that time, by ten of the states, seems to come as a final fitting gesture after many celebrations and "Occasions" during the constitution year just passed.

On the 4th day of July of that year Philadelphia must have witnessed a fascinating sight! We wonder whether it was very hot that day -- and at the endless detail involved. The Constitution was carried "framed, and fixed on a staff, crowned with the Cap of Liberty."

The Procession was led by Major Philip Pancake (which name caught my eye at once and has long lingered in my memory.) There were no less than 87 groups, about 20 of those being accompanied by elaborate floats or carriages -- the enterprising tradesmen in many instances working busily at their various occupations.

The third float, drawn by 10 white horses, was the Grand Federal Edifice carefully described and on which there certainly must have been enacted an interesting scene.

Number 10 in line, with a modern touch, rode Mr. Richard Bache, on horseback dressed as a herald, attended by a Trumpet Proclaiming "A NEW AERA."

Most of the groups, as we shall see, stressed two things -- American Manufacture and the ratifying of the Constitution by ten of the States. The arms and mottoes of the various Companies figured largely, adding color to what must have been a lively and diverting scene. Somehow today one cannot quite imagine the Stocking Manufacturers, Brass Founders, or Gun Smiths as having mottoes or flags with various devices upon them.

As one turns the pages of this fascinating account (Would it not make a fine moving picture scene?) many prominent names appear and we realize that the whole affair was done with dignity and that no expense was spared.

Schools and colleges were represented. Note, please, that the Episcopal Academy was in line.

The most remarkable float of all, however, was the Federal Ship Union, I will not take the wind out of her proud sails, by telling too much about her in this foreword. She certainly played her part in history--and quite by accident I found out something about her which has, indeed, an allure.

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Philadelphia, July 10.

Editor's Note: The following text appears to be a close transcription of an historical document, but no attribution was reported in the original article. An Internet search located the probable source document at this URL:

AN ACCOUNT OF THE GRAND FEDERAL PROCESSION PERFORMED AT PHILADELPHIA ON FRIDAY THE 4TH OF JULY 1788 by Francis Hopkinson (As found in The Miscellaneous Essays and Occasional Writings of Francis Hopkinson, Esq. (1792), Vol. 2, pp. 349-422).

The source document concludes on with an Oration by James Wilson, Esq. that was not part of this article, which concluded with the section entitled "Epilogue"

Since this is quoted text, numerous spelling differences may be found, as they were in the source document. Some examples: "alotted" instead of "allotted"; "ribbands" instead of "ribbons"; "splendour" and "honour" in the English spellings; "Faederal" for "Federal"; "compleated" instead of "completed"; and there are probably other words as well, like "Mess." for "Messrs." so keep this in mind if searching for certain terms.

On Friday the 4th instant, the citizens of Philadelphia celebrated the Declaration of INDEPENDENCE made by the Thirteen United States of America on the 4th of July 1776, and the Establishment of the CONSTITUTION or Frame of Government proposed by the late General Convention, and now solemnly adopted and ratified by Ten of those States.

The rising sun was saluted with a full peal from Christ church steeple, and a discharge of cannon from the ship RISING SUN, commanded by captain Philip Brown, anchored off Market Street, and superbly decorated with the flags of various nations -- Ten vessels, in honour of the Ten States of the Union, were dressed and arranged through the whole length of the harbour, each bearing a broad white flag at the mast head, inscribed with the names of the States respectively in broad gold letters -- in the following order-- New-Hampshire opposite to the Northern Liberties; Massachusetts to Vine Street; Connecticut to Race Street, New Jersey to Arch street; Pennsylvania to Market Street; Delaware to Chesnut Street; Maryland to Walnut Street; Virginia to Spruce Street; South Carolina to Pine Street; and Georgia to South Street. The ships at the wharfs were also dressed on the occasion, and as a brisk south wind prevailed through tho whole day, the flags and pendants were kept in full display, and exhibited a most pleasing and animating prospect.

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According to orders issued the day before, the several parts which were to compose the Grand Procession began to assemble at 8 o'clock in the morning at the intersection of South and Third Streets.

Nine Gentlemen, distinguished by white plumes in their hats, and furnished with speaking trumpets, were superintendents of the procession, viz General Griffiths, General Stewart, Colonel Proctor, Colonel Gurney, Colonel Will, Colonel Marsh, Major Moore, Major Lenox, and Mr. Peter Brown.

The different companies of Military, Trades, and Professions, had previously met at different places in the city of their own appointment, where they were separately formed by their officers and conductors, and marched in order with their respective flags, devices and machines, to the place of general rendezvous. As these companies arrived in succession, the superintendents disposed of them in the neighboring streets in such manner as that they might easily fall into the stations they were to occupy in forming the General Procession, as they should be successively called upon. By this means the most perfect order and regularity was effectually preserved.

After a strict review of the streets of the city, it had been determined that the Line of March should be as follows -- To commence at the intersection of South and Third Streets, thence along Third Street to Callow-Hill Street; thence up Callow-Hill Street to Fourth Street; thence along Fourth Street to Market Street, and thence to UNION GREEN, in front of Bush-Hill-- William Hamilton, Esquire, having kindly offered the spacious lawn before his house at Bush-Hill for the purposes of the day.

The Street Commissioners had the evening before gone through the Line of March, directed the pavements to be swept, the trees to be lopt, and all obstacles to be removed.

About half after nine o'clock the GRAND PROCESSION began to move, of which the following is as correct a detail as could be procured.

Twelve Axe-Men, dressed in white frocks, with black girdles round their waists, and ornamented caps, headed by Major Philip Pancake.

The first City Troop of Light Dragoons, commanded by Captain Miles.

John Nixon, Esq.; on horseback, bearing the Staff and Cap of Liberty; under the Cap a silk Flag with words, "Fourth of JULY, 1776," in large gold letters.

Four pieces of Artillery, with a Detachment from the Train, commanded by Captains Morrell and Fisher.

Thomas Fitzsimons, Esq.; on horseback, carrying a Flag of White Silk, having three Fleurs-de-lys and thirteen Stars in Union over the Words "Sixth of February 1778," in gold letters. The Horse he rode belonged formerly to Count Rochambeau.

Corps of Light Infantry, commanded by Captain A. G. Claypoole, with the Standard of the 1st regiment.

George Clymer, Esq.; on Horseback, carrying a Staff adorned with Olive and Laurel, The Words --- "Third of September 1783," in gold letters pendant from the Staff.

Col. John Shee, on horseback, carrying a flag, blue field, with a laurel and an olive wreath over the words--"Washington, The Friend of His Country" -- in silver letters -- the staff adorned with olive and laurel.

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The City Troop of Light Dragoons, Captain William Bingham, commanded by Major W. Jackson.

Richard Bache, Esq.; on horseback, as a Herald, attended by a trumpet, proclaiming a new AEra -- the words "NEW AERA", in gold letters, pendant from the Herald's staff, and the following lines:---

Peace o'er our land her olive wand extends,
And white-rob'd Innocence from Heav'n descends;
The crimes and frauds of Anarchy shall fail,
Returning Justice lifts again her scale.

The Hon. Peter Muhlenberg, Esq.; on horseback, with a blue flag, -- the words "Seventeenth of September 1787," in silver letters.

A band of Music performing a Grand March, composed by Mr. Alexander Reinogle for the occasion.

The Honorable Chief-Justice M'Kean.
The Hon. Judge Atlee. The Hon. Judge Rush
(in their Robes of Office)

In a lofty, ornamented Car, in the form of a large Eagle, drawn by six horses, bearing the CONSTITUTION, framed, and fixed on a staff, crowned with the Cap of Liberty --- the words --- "The People," in gold letters, on the staff, immediately under the Constitution.

The Car was made by George and William Hunter; the carriage painted light blue, twenty feet long, hind wheels eight feet, and the front six feet and a half in diameter; the body, fixed on springs, was thirteen feet high, in the shape of a Bald Eagle; from head to tail thirteen feet long; the breast emblazoned with thirteen silver stars, in a sky-blue field, and underneath thirteen stripes, alternate red and white. The dexter talons embraced an olive branch, the sinister grasped thirteen arrows.

Corps of Light Infantry, commanded by Captain Heysham, with the standard of the 3d regiment.

Ten Gentlemen, representing the States that have ratified the Federal Constitution; each bearing a flag with the name of the state he represents, in gold letters, and walking arm in arm, emblematical of the Union, viz.

1. Duncan Ingraham, Esq.; New-Hampshire.

2. Jonathan Williams, jun. Esq.; Massachusetts.

3. Jared Ingersol, Esq.; Connecticut.

4. Samuel Stockton, Esq.; New Jersey.

5. James Wilson, Esq.; Pennsylvania.

6. Col. Thomas Robinson Delaware.

7. Hon. J. E. Howard, Esq.; Maryland.

8. Col. Febiger Virginia.

9. W. Ward Burrows, Esq.; South-Carolina.

10. George Meade, Esq.; Georgia.

Colonel William Williams, on Horseback, in armour, bearing on his left arm a shield, emblazoned with the arms of the United States.

The Montgomery Troop of Light Horse, commanded by captain James Morris, Esq.

The Consuls and Representatives of foreign states in alliance with America, in an ornamented Car, drawn by four horses.

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Capt. Thomas Bell, with the flag of the United States of America
Barbe de Marbois, Esquire, Vice-Consul of France
J.H.C. Heineken, Esquire, Consul of the United Netherlands
Charles Hellstedt, Esquire, Consul General of Sweden
Charles W. Lecke, Esq.; carrying the flag of Prussia
Thomas Barclay, Esquire, carrying the flag of Morocco

The Hon. Francis Hopkinson, Esq.; judge of Admiralty, wearing in his hat a gold anchor pendant on a green riband, preceded by the register's clerk, carrying a green bag filled with rolls of parchment, and having the word ADMIRALTY in large letters on the front of the bag,

James Read, Esq.; Register, wearing a silver pen in his hat.

Clement Biddle, Esq.; Marshall, carrying a silver oar, adorned with green ribands.

The Wardens of the Port and Tonnage Officer.

Collector of the Customs and Naval Officer.

Peter Baynton, Esq.; as a citizen, and Col. Isaac Melchor as an Indian Chief, in a carriage, smoking the calumet of peace together. The Sachem magnificently dressed, according to the Indian custom; his head adorned with scarlet and white plumes; jewels of silver hanging from his nose and ears; ten strings of wampum round his neck; the broad belt of peace and brotherly love in his hand; an ornamented vest and other decorations suitable to the character.

The Berks county troop, consisting of 30 dragoons, commanded by Captain Philip Strubing.

The NEW ROOF, or GRAND FEDERAL EDIFICE, on a carriage drawn by ten white horses; the dome supported by thirteen Corinthian columns, raised on pedestals proper to that order; the frieze decorated with thirteen stars; ten column's compleat, and three left unfinished-- on the pedestals of the columns were inscribed, in ornamented cyphers, the initials of the thirteen American States. On the top of the dome a handsome cupola, surmounted by a figure of Plenty, bearing her cornucopia's and other emblems of her character. The dimensions of this building were as follows: ten feet diameter, eleven feet to the top of the cornice, the dome four feet high, the cupola 5 feet high, the figure of Plenty three feet six inches; the carriage in which it was mounted three feet high; the whole thirty-six feet in height. Round the pedestal of the edifice were these words, --

"In the union the fabric stands firm."

This elegant building was begun and finished in the short space of four days, by Mr. William Williams and Co.

The Grand Edifice was followed by Architects and House-carpenters, in number four hundred and fifty, carrying insignia of the trade, and preceded by Mess. Benjamin Loxley, Gunning Bedford, Thomas Nevel, Levi Budd, Joseph Ogilby and William Roberts, displaying designs in architecture, & c. Mr. George Ingels bore the House-Carpenters standard--the company's arms properly emblazoned on a white field -- Motto -- "Justice and Benevolence."

To this corps, the Saw-makers and File-cutters attached themselves, headed by Messrs. John Harper and William Cook, and carrying a flag, with a hand and saw mill saw, gilt on a pink field.

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On the floor of the Grand Edifice were placed ten chairs, for the accommodation of ten gentlemen, viz. Messrs., Hillary Baker, George Latimer, John Wharton, John Nesbitt, Samuel Morris, John Brown, Tench Francis, Joseph Anthony, John Chaloner and Benjamin Fuller. These gentlemen sat as representatives of the Citizens at large, to whom the Federal Constitution was committed previous to the Ratification.-- When the Grand Edifice arrived safe at Union Green, these gentlemen gave up their seats to the Representatives of the States, enumerated above in Article XV. who entered the Temple, and hung their flags on the Corinthian columns to which they respectively belonged. In the evening, the Grand Edifice, with the Ten States, now in union, was brought back in great triumph, and with loud huzzas, to the State-House, in Chestnut street, where it now stands.

The Pennsylvania Society of CINCINNATI, and Militia Officers.

Corps of Light Infantry, commanded by Capt. Rose, with the standard of the 5th regiment.

The AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, headed by their President Samuel Powel, Esquire. A flag borne by Major Samuel Hodgdon, on a buff coloured ground in an oval compartment. Industry represented by a Ploughman, driving a plough drawn by oxen, followed at a small distance by the Goddess of Plenty, bearing a cornucopia in the left hand and a sickle in her right hand--In the back ground, a view of an American Farm -- Motto -- "Venerate the Plough."

FARMERS, headed by Richard Peters, Richard Willing, Samuel Meredith, Isaac Warner, George Gray, William Peltz,--- Burkhart and Charles Willing. Two ploughs, the one drawn by four oxen, and directed by Richard Willing, Esq.; in a farmer's dress, Mr. Charles Willing, in the character of a Plough- Boy driving the oxen; the other drawn by two horses, and directed by Mr. ---- Burkhart--followed by a Sower, sowing seed--Farmers-Millers, & c. N.B. This conspicuous and interesting part of the Procession cannot be minutely described, as the Gentlemen who conducted it live in the country, and there was not time for procuring an account of the arrangement from them.

The Manufacturing Society, with the spinning and carding machines, looms, & c.

Mr. Gallaudet bearing a flag, the device of which was a beehive with bees issuing from it, standing in the beams of a rising sun: the field of the flag blue, and the Motto:

"In its rays we shall feel new vigor."

Written in golden characters.
Robert Hare, Esquire.
Managers of the Society.
Subscribers to ditto.

Committee for managing the manufacturing fund-Subscribers to the manufacturing fund.

The carriage of the manufacturers is in length thirty feet, in breadth thirteen feet, and the same height, nearly covered with white cotton of their manufacture, and drawn by ten large bay horses; on this carriage was placed the carding machine worked by two persons, and carding cotton at the rate of fifty pounds weight per day; next a spinning machine of eighty spindles, worked by a woman (a native of & instructed in this city) drawing

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cotton suitable for fine jeans or federal rib; on the right of the stage was next placed a lace loom, a workman weaving a rich scarlet and white livery lace; on the left a man weaving jean on a large loom, with a fly shuttle; behind the looms was fixed the apparatus of Mr. Hewson, printing Muslins of an elegant chintz pattern, and Mr. Lang designing and cutting prints for shawls; on the right was seated Mrs. Hewson and her four daughters, penciling a piece of very neat sprig'd chintz of Mr. Hewson's printing, all dressed in cottons of their own manufacture; on the back part of the carriage, on a lofty staff, was displayed the calico printers flag, in the center thirteen stars in a blue field, and thirteen red stripes in a white fields round the edges of the flag were printed thirty-seven different prints of various colours, one of them a very elegant bed furniture chintz of six colours, as specimens of printing done in Philadelphia -- Motto -- "May the Union Government protect the manufactures of America.

Then followed the Weavers flag, a rampant lion in a green field, holding a shuttle in his dexter paw -- Motto -- "May government protect us." Behind the flag walked the weavers of the factory, accompanied by other citizens of the same trade, in number about one hundred. The cotton card makers annexed themselves to this society.

Corps of Light Infantry, commanded by Capt. Robinson, with the standard of the 6th regiment.

XXXI. The Marine Society.
Capt. William Greenaway, carrying a globe supported by Captains Heysham and Alberson, with spye glasses in their hands. Ten captains, five abreast, with quadrants, representing the Ten States That have joined the Union; viz.

John Woods Robert Bethel
John Ashmead William Allen
William Miller William Tanner
Samuel Howell Leeson Simons and
John Souder George Atkinson

Members of the society, six abreast, with trumpets, spy-glasses, charts, and sundry other implements of their profession, wearing badges in their hats, representing a ship-89 In number.

XXXII. THE Federal Ship UNION.

The Federal Ship Union

Mounting twenty guns, commanded by John Green, Esq.; Capt. S. Smith, W. Belchar and Mr. Mercer. Lieutenants; four young boys in uniform as Midshipmen; the crew, including officers, consisted of 25 men. The ship Union is 33 feet in length, her width and depth in due proportion. Her bottom is the barge of the ship Alliance, and the same barge which formerly belonged to the Serapis, and was taken in the memorable engagement of Capt. Paul Jones. of the Bon Homme Richard with the Serapis The Union is a masterpiece of elegant workmanship, perfectly proportioned and compleat throughout; decorated with emblematical carving, and finished even to a stroke of the painter's brush. And what is truly astonishing, she was begun and compleated in less than four days, viz, begun at 11 o'clock on Monday morning the 30th of June, and on the field of rendezvous on Thursday evening following, fully prepared

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to join in the Grand Procession. The workmanship and appearance of this beautiful object commanded universal admiration and applause, and did high honor to the artists of Philadelphia, who were concerned in her construction. She was mounted on a carriage made for the purpose, and drawn by ten horses. A sheet of canvas was tacked all around along the water-line, and extending over a light frame, hung to the ground, so as entirely to conceal the wheels and machinery. This canvas was painted to represent the sea; so that nothing incongruous appeared to offend the eye. The ceremonies in setting sail, receiving the pilot on board, trimming her sails to the wind, according to the several courses of the line of march, throwing the lead, her arrival at Union-Green, casting anchor, being hal'd and welcomed with three cheers, and the captain forwarding his dispatches to the President of the United States, & c. & c. were all performed with the strictest maritime propriety;--but neither time nor the space alotted for this account will permit such a detail as would do justice to the conduct of Captain Green and his crew, and to the architects and several workmen concerned in this beautiful feature in our Grand Procession. These particulars may be subjects of future display and amusement.

The ship was followed by
The Pilots of the Port.

With their Boat, (named "The Federal Pilots") under the command of Isaac Roach; who shear'd along-side the ship Union at the place appointed, and put Mr. Michael Dawson on board as pilot; then took his station with his boat in the procession, and on her arrival attended and took the pilot off again. Boat Builders.

A frame representing a boat builder's shop, 13 feet long, 8 wide and 13 high, mounted on a carriage. On the top of the frame, the ship Union's barge, elegantly finished, an ensign staff and flag, blue field, quartered with thirteen stripes, and bearing an axe and an adze crossing each other -- Motto -- "By these we live." The barge 10 feet long, manned with a cockswain and six little boys as Bargemen in a beautiful uniform of white, decorated with blue ribbands. On the platform underneath, seven hands building a boat 13 feet long, which was set up & nearly compleated during the procession. It will be manifest the numbers above mentioned have reference to the 13 states of America, the 12 states represented in the late general convention, and the 10 states now united under the new constitution.

The whole machine was contrived with great skill, and drawn by four bright bay horses, belonging to and under the conduct of Mr. Jacob Toy, of the Northern Liberties, followed by 40 boat builders, headed by Mess. Bowyer Brooks and Warwick Hale.


A Flag, carried by Captain Joseph Rice, representing the inside view of a Sail Loft, with masters and men at work; on the top 13 stars; in the fly 5 vessels -- Motto -- "May Commerce flourish, and Industry be rewarded." Followed by a number of masters, journeymen and apprentices.

Ship Carpenters.
Headed by Mess. Francis Grico and John Norris, with the draft of a ship on the stocks, and cases of instruments in their hands; a flag bearing a ship on the stocks, carried by Manuel Eyres, Esq; supported by Mess. Harrison, Rice, Brewster, and Humphreys; followed by mast makers, caulkers, and workmen, to the amount of 330, all wearing a badge in their hats, representing a ship on the stocks, and a green sprig of white oak.

Ship Joiners.
Nicholas Young, conductor, his son carrying a cedar staff before him; Robert M'Mullen, master workman; William M'Mullen and Samuel Ormes, carrying the company's arms on a flag, viz. A binnacle and hen-coop, crooked plains and other tools of that profession, proper; 13 stripes and 13 stars, 10 in full splendor. Motto, "By these we support our Families." Followed by 25 of the trade, wearing cedar branches in their hats.

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Ropemakers and Ship-chandlers.
The flag carried in front by Richard Tittermary; representing a ropeyard, with ten men spinning, and three standing idle, with their hemp around their waists; emblematical of the present situation of the Thirteen States, with a motto -- "May Commerce flourish!"-- Next in front as leaders, were John Tittermary, sen. and George Goodwin, being the oldest belonging to the calling; followed by the other gentlemen of the profession, with a piece of rope and hemp in their hands; and the journeyman and apprentices in the rear, with hemp around their waists, and their spinning clouts in their hands - about 60 in number.

Merchants and Traders.
Their standard was the flag of a Merchant ship of the United States-- in the Union were ten illuminated stars, and three traced round in silver but not yet illuminated--on one side of tho flag a ship, the Pennsylvania, with an inscription, 4th July, 1788 - On the reverse of the flag a globe, over which was inscribed, in a scroll "Par tout le mond." The staff, on which the flag was displayed, terminated in a silver Cone, on which was a ring suspending a Mariners compass. The standard was borne by Mr. Jonathan Nesbit preceding the merchants and traders.

Thos. Willing Esq.; attended by their committee, Mess. Charles Pettit, John Wilcocks, John Ross and Tench Coxe.

The body of the merchants and traders.
Next followed the clerks and apprentices of the merchants and traders, preceded by Mr. Saintonge, bearing a large ledger.

Corps of Light Infantry, commanded by Capt. Sproat, with the standard of the 4th regiment.

N.B. The order of the several trades, except House Carpenters and those concerned in the construction and fitting out a Ship, was determined by Lot.

XXXIII. Cordwainers.
A carriage drawn by four horses, representing a Cordwainer's shop, in which were six men actually at work; the shop hung round with shoes, boots, & c Mr. Alexander Rutherford, Conductor. Mr. Elisha Gordon and Mr. Martin Assistants, followed by a committee of nine, three a-breast.

Mr. James Roney, junior, a standard bearer.

The standard--The Cordwainer's Arms, on a crimson field; above the arms, Crispin, holding a laurel branch in his right hand, and a scroll of parchment in his loft.

Three hundred cordwainers following, six abreast, each wearing a white leathern apron, embellished with the company's arms, richly painted.

XXXIV. Coach painters.
With a flag, ornamented with the insignia of the art, carried by Mr. _______ followed by ten of the profession, carrying pallits and pencils in their hands.

XXXV. Cabinet and Chairmakers.
Mr. Jonathan Gostelow, carrying the scale and dividers; Mr. Jedediah Snowden, with the rules of architecture; four of the oldest masters; Mr. James Lee, attended by three masters, bearing the standard, or cabinetmakers arms, elegantly painted and gilt on a blue field, ornamented with thirteen stars, ten of which were gilt, the other three unfinished; below the arms, two hands united -- Motto --
"By unity we support Society."

The masters, six abreast, wearing linen aprons, and bucks tails in their hats. The work-shop, 17 feet long, by 9 feet 8 inches wide, and 14 feet high, on a carriage drawn by four horses--at each end of the shop ten stars--two signs, inscribed, "Federal Cabinet and Chair-Shop," one on each side.

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Mr. John Brown, with journeymen and apprentices at work in the shop. The shop followed by journeymen and apprentices six abreast, all wearing linen aprons, and bucks tails in their hats--The aprons of American manufacture -- one hundred in train.

XXXVI. Brick-makers.
Carrying a large flag of green silk, on which was represented a brickyard, hands at work, a kiln burning--at a little distance; a Federal City building -- Motto --
"It was found hard in Egypt,
"But this prospect makes it easy."

Ten master brick-makers, headed by Mr. David Rose, sen. and followed by one hundred workmen in frocks and trowsers, with tools, etc.

XXXVII. House, Ship and Sign Painters.
Arms, 3 shields argent on a field azure; crest, a hand holding a brush proper: motto, "Virtue alone is true Nobility." The stage 14 feet long by 7; on it a mill for manufacturing colours, a glazing table, with a stone for grinding paint; stage furnished with pots, sashes, tools, & c. The business on the stage conducted by Mess. Stride, Wells, Cowen, Deveter, and M'Elwee. Flag borne by Mr. Fausburg, as oldest painter, supported by Mess. Flin and Fullerton: the rest of the company marching six abreast with gilded brushes, diamonds, gold hammers, glazing knives & c. Sixty-eight in procession.

XXXVIII. Porters.
Led by John Lawrence and George Green. On each side a porter, dressed with a silk sash, leading a horse and dray, the horse richly decorated with blue, white and red ribbands, on the dray five barrels of superfine flour, the words, "Faederal Flour" painted on the heads of the barrels, followed by John Jacobs and forty porters--a light blue silk standard borne by David Sparks, on which were exhibited 10 stripes and 13 stars, 3 of them clouded, the rest in full splendour, also a horse and dray, with 4 barrels on the dray, and a porter loading a 5th -- Motto -- "May Industry ever be encouraged."

The standard followed by a number of men, and the rear closed by Andrew Dryer and Joseph Greswold. The officers all dressed with silk sashes, and officers and men wearing white aprons, tied on with blue silk ribbands, and carrying in their hands whips ornamented with blue, red and white ribbands. The 5 barrels of Faedoral Flour were taken, after the procession, and delivered to the overseers, for the use of the poor.

XXXIX. Clock and Watch-makers.
The company's arms neatly painted on a silk flag -- Motto --
"Time rules all Things."

Headed by Mr. John Wood, and followed by twenty-three members of the company.

XL. Fringe and Ribband Weavers.
Mr. John Williams, bearing a blue staff, capped with a gilt ball, across the staff ten wires, to which were suspended implements, and a great variety of specimens of the art.--The fringe, lace and line shuttles were each filled with a quill of shute, to shew that they were in employ, the ribband shuttles empty, to shew that it is, as yet unemployed--in the gilt ball was fixed a wire 18 inches long, from which flowed a ribband of ten stripes--immediately below the cross wire a paper inscribed with verses, composed by Mr. Williams on the occasion.

XLI. Bricklayers.
Headed by Mess. Nicholas Hicks, William Johnson and Jacob Grass, with their aprons on, and trowels in their hands--a flag with the following device. The bricklayers arms--The federal city rising out of a forest, workmen building it, and the sun illuminating it -- Motto -- "Both Buildings and Rulers are the works of our Hands."

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The flag carried by Mess. Charles Souder, William Mash and Joseph Wilds, with their aprons, and supported by Mess. John Robbins, Peter Waglom, Thomas Mitchell; John Boyd, Burton Wallace, Michael Groves, John Souder, Edward M'Kaighen, Alexander M'Kinley, ten master bricklayers, with their aprons on, and their trowels and plumb rules in their hands-- followed by fifty-five masters and journeymen, in their aprons, and carrying trowels in their hands.

XLII. Taylors.
Proceeded by Mess. Barker, Stille, Martin and Tatem, carrying a white flag, with the company's arms in gold, supported by two Camels -- Motto -- "By Union our Strength encreases."

Followed by two hundred and fifty of the trade.

XLIII. Instrument-makers, Turners, Windsor Chair and Spinning-wheel makers. Conducted by captain John Cornish, Mr. John Stow bearing the standard, the turners arms, with the addition of a spinning-wheel on one side, and a Windsor chair on the other -- Motto --
"By faith we obtain."

Mess. George Stow and Michael Fox carrying columns, representing the several branches of turning--Mess. Anthony and Mason, with a groupe of musical instruments, followed by sixty persons dressed in green aprons.

The Carvers and Gilders exhibited an ornamental Car, on a federal plan, being 13 feet by 10 on the floor, on which were erected 13 Pilasters, richly ornamented with carved work, the heads of ten gilt, and label'd with the names of the several states arranged as they came into the federal union, the remaining three left partly finished; about three feet above the floor a level rail united to the pilasters, denoting the equality of the subjects. In the center a column, with a twining laurel running in a spiral form to the capping, which was 10 feet high, on the top of which was placed a Bust of General Washington, crowned with a wreath of laurel, and dressed in the American uniform, with the thirteen stars on a collar; the whole supported by ten tight stays, leading from the finished pilasters to the cap of the column, from whence suspended three slack stays, leading to the unfinished pilasters; over the General's bust the American standard was displayed.

In the center of the front the head of Phidias, the most eminent of the ancient carvers, with emblematic figures supporting him; inside of the front rail a large figure for the head of a ship, richly carved and painted; the whole outside of the car decorated with the figures of the seasons, the cardinal virtues, and other devices in carved work.

Before the car walked the artists of the several branches, preceded by Mr. Cutbush, ship-carver, and Mr. Reynolds and Mr. Jugiez, house, furniture and coach carvers, with young artists going before, decorated with blue ribbands round their necks, to which were suspended medallions, blue ground, with ten burnish'd gold stars, one bearing a figure of Ceres, representing Agriculture; another Fame, blowing her trumpet, announcing to the world the Federal Union; the middle one carrying a Corinthian column complete, expressive of the domestic branches of Carving. In the car was a number of artists at work, superintended by Mr. Rush, shi-carver.

XLV. Coopers.
Led on by Mr. Daniel Dolbe--an elegant flag bearing the Cooper's arms, embellished with 13 stars -- Motto -- "May Commerce flourish--Love as Brethren."

Supported by Mess. W. King, R. Babe and John Louch, followed by one hundred and fifty coopers in white leather aprons, and wearing badges in their hats, representing the tools of the trade.

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XLVI. Plane-makers.
Mr. William Martin in front, bearing the standard, white field, a smoothing plane on the top; device, a pair of spring dividers, three planes; a brace, a square, and the guage, followed by eight plane-makers -- Motto -- "Truth"

XLVII, Whip and Cane Manufacturers.
A machine on a carriage, a boy on it at work platting a whip, followed by Mr. John M'Calister, and his journeyman, carrying several articles of the trade. On the top of the machine a flag, with this Motto:
"Let us encourage our own manufactures"

XLVIII. Black-smiths, White-smiths and Nailers.
A machine drawn by nine horses, representing the Federal Black-smiths, White-smiths and Nailers manufactory, being a frame of 10 by 15 feet, and 9 feet high, with a real chimney extending 3 feet above the roof, and furnished for use. In front of the building three master Black-smiths, Mess. Nathaniel Brown, Nicholas Hess and William Perkins, supporting the standard, elegantly ornamented with the Smith's arms -- Motto --
"By Hammer in hand, all Arts do stand."

The manufactory was in full employ during the procession. -- Mr. John Mingler, and his assistant, Christian Keyser, Black-smiths, compleated a set of plough irons out of old swords, worked a sword into a sickle, turned several horses shoes, and performed several jobs on demand.

Mr. John Goodman, jun. White-smith, finished a complete pair of plyers, a knife, and some machinery, with other work, on demand.

Mess. Andrew Feslinger and Benjamin Brummel forged, finished and sold a considerable number of spikes, nails and broad tacks.

The whole was under the conduct of Messieurs Godfrey Gebbler, David Henderson, George Goddard, Jacob Eiler, Lewis Prahl and Jacob Eckfelt, and followed by two hundred brother Black-smiths, White-smiths and Nailers.

XLIX. Coach-makers.
Preceded by Mr. John Bringhurst, in a phaeton drawn by two horses, and bearing a draft of a coach on a white silk flag. A stage 9 feet high, 16 feet long, and 8 feet wide, on a carriage drawn by four horses, representing their shop, with Mr. George Way, Master-workman, a Body and Carriage-maker, a Wheelwright, a Trimmer and a Harness-maker, all at work, and a Painter ornamenting a body; on each side of the stage the words, "No tax on American carriages," in the center the standard of yellow silk, emblazoned with the arms of the profession, viz. Three coaches in a Blue field, the chariot of the sun appearing thro' tho clouds -- Motto -- "The Clouds dispell'd, we shine forth;" tho staff decorated with tho implements of the trade; ten masters, each bearing a yellow silk flag, with the names of the states who had adopted the new federal constitution, in letters of gold, on a blue field, five walking before and five behind tho stage; the whole followed by workmen in the different branches of the trade, to tho number of one hundred and fifty.

L. Potters.
A flag, on which was neatly painted a kiln burning, and several men at work in the different branches of the business -- Motto --
"The Potter hath Power over his Clay."

A four wheel'd carriage drawn by two horses, on which was a Potter's wheel and men at work, a number of cups,- bowls, mugs, & c. were made during the procession; the carriage was followed by twenty potters, headed by Mess. Christian Piercy and Michael Gilbert, wearing linen aprons of American manufacture.

LI. Hatters.
Led by Mr. Andrew Tybout.
The standard borne by Mr. John Gordon, viz. On a white field a hat in hand, on each side a tassel band; the crest, a beaver -- Motto, on a crimson garter, in gold letters, -- "With the industry of the beaver we support our rights," followed by one hundred and twenty-four hatters.

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LII. Wheel-wrights.
A stage drawn by two horses, with five men working upon it; making a plough, and a speed for a waggon wheel. The standard a blue flag -- Motto --
"The United Wheel-wrights."

Followed by twenty two of the trade, headed by Mess. Conrod Rohrnan and Nicholas Reep.

LIII. Tin-plate Workers.
Preceded by Joseph Finaur and Martin Riser, carrying by turns, a flag, bearing the arms of the company properly emblazoned--followed by ten workmen in green aprons.

LIV. Skinners, Breeches Makers and Glovers.
Headed by Messrs. John Lisle and George Cooper; one carrying in his hand a beaming knife, and the other a paring knife -- The standard borne by Mr. Shreiner, viz. on one side a deer, and below it a glove; on the other side a golden fleece, and below a pair of breeches -- Motto --
"May our Manufacture be equal in its Consumption to its usefulness." Followed by fifty-eight of the trade in buckskin breeches and gloves, and wearing bucks tails in their hats. To these Mr. Joseph Rogers, parchment and glue manufacturer, attached himself.

LV. Tallow-chandlers.
Mr. Richard Porter master. Two standards: First, the company's arms, on a blue field, trimmed with white, 3 doves with olive branches; over the arms, an angel bearing St. John Baptist's head; on each side two blazing lamps -- Motto --
"Let your light so shine."

2d standard, a representation of a chandelier of 13 branches, a lighted candle in each, and 13 silver stars in a half circle. Inscription -- "The Stars of America a light to the World" -- Motto, at the bottom of the chandelier, --
"United in One."

The uniform blue and white cockades, blue aprons bound with white, and a dove painted in the middle of each; a white rod surmounted by an olive branch, in each person's hand. Twenty in number.

LVI. Victuallers.
A flag with this Inscription,
"The Death of ANARCHY AND CONFUSION shall feed the Poor and Hungry." Two axe-men preceding two stately oxen, weighing 3000 lb. Ten boys dressed in white, five on the right and five on the left of the oxen, carrying small flags, with the names of the States that have ratified the federal constitution; two cleaver men; a Band of Music. Conductors--Messrs. Philip Hall, George Welper, Philip Odenheimer and Conrad Hoff; Followed by 86 master victuallers, all dressed in white. The oxen to be killed, the hides and tallow to be sold for bread, and given with the meat to the poor.

LVII. Printers, Book-binders and Stationers.
A stage 9 feet square, drawn by four horses, Upon the stage the Federal printing press complete, cases and other implements necessary to the business, by ten printing offices united. On the stage men at work, in the different branches of the profession. Mr. Durant, in the character of Mercury, in a white dress, ornamented with red ribbands, having real wings affixed to his head and feet, and a garland of blue and red flowers round his temples. During the procession the pressmen were at work, and struck off many copies of the following Ode, composed for the occasion by F. Hopkinson, esquire.

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The ODE.
OH for a muse of fire! to mount the skies
And to a list'ning world proclaim--
Behold! behold! an empire rise!
An AEra new, Time, as he flies,
Hath enter'd in the book of Fame.
On Alleghany's tow'ring head
Echo shall stand--the tidings spread,
And o'er the lakes, and mistly floods around,
An AEra NEW resound.

See! where Columbia sits alone.
And from her star-bespangled throne,
Beholds the gay Procession move along,
And hears the trumpet, and the choral song-
She hears her Sons rejoice--
Looks into future times, and sees
The num'rous blessings Heav'n decrees,
And with HER plaudit joins the gen'ral voice.

"'Tis done! 'tis done! my Sons," she cries,
"In War are valiant, and in Council wise;
"Wisdom and Valour shall my rights defend,
"And o'er my vast domain those rights extend.
"Science shall flourish--Genius stretch her wing,
"In native strains Columbian Muses Sing;
"Wealth crown the Arts, and Justice clean her scales,
"Commerce her pond'rous anchor weigh,
"Wide spread her sails,
"And in far distant seas her flag display.

"My Sons for Freedom fought, nor fought in vain;
"But found a naked Goddess was their gain:
"Good Government alone can show the Maid,
"In robes of SOCIAL HAPPINESS array'd.
Hail to this Festival! all hail the Day!
Columbia's Standard on her Roof display,
And let the People's Motto ever be,

This Ode, together with one in the German language, fitted to the purpose, and printed by Mr. Steiner, were thrown amongst the people as the procession moved along. Ten small packages, containing the foregoing Ode and the list of Toasts for the day, were made up and addressed to the TenStates in Union respectively; these were tied to pidgeons, which at intervals rose from Mercury's cap, and flew off, with the acclamations of an admiring multitude.

Mr. William Sellers, senior, bearing the Standard of the united Professions, viz. Azure, on a cheveron argent, an American bald eagle volant, between two reams of paper, proper--between three Bibles closed proper-- - In Chief, perched on the point of the cheveron, a dove with an olive branch, of the second, Supporters, two Fames, blowing their trumpets, cloathed with sky-blue, flowing robes, spangled with stars argent. Crest, a bible displayed, proper, on a wreath azure and argent. Under the escutcheon two pens placed saltiere ways, proper -- Motto -- "We protect and are supported by Liberty." After the standard, masters of the combined professions, followed by journeymen and apprentices, each carrying a scroll tied with blue silk binding, exhibiting the word "Typographer," illuminated by ten stars in union--Fifty in the train.

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LVIII. Saddlers.
A Saddler's Shop dressed with saddlery, and a variety of ready made work, elegant American plated furniture, & c; drawn by two fine horses. In the shop Mr. Stephen Burrows and a number of hands at work, one of whom (having the different parts in readiness) completed a neat saddle during the Procession.

The standard, carried by Mess., Jehosaphat Polk and John Young, was of green silk, with the company's arms elegantly painted and gilt -- Motto --
"Our Trust is in God" The company was headed by Mess. John Stephens and John Marr.--Mr. William Haley, Silver plater, joined himself to this corps, carrying a Federal Bit, of his own workmanship.

LIX. Stone cutters.
Three apprentices before with tools and two with the orders of the operative lodge, one with the standard, in mason's order; the rest followed with pieces of polished marble. Twenty in number.

LX. Bread and Biscuit Bakers.
A standard bearing the bread bakers arms, properly emblazoned -- Motto --
"May our Country never want Bread"

Uniform, white shirts and full pleated aprons, quite round the waist, with a light blue sash. A stage with a bakers oven 6 foot in diameter, and 3 hands at work as the procession went on, directed by a master baker, who distributed bread to the people as it came out of the oven. Headed by Mr. Geo. Mayer.

Biscuit bakers standard--a white flag with the representation of a bake-house and several hands working in the different branches of the business -- Motto --
"May the federal government revive our trade."

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Messrs. Thomas Hopkins and Mathias Laudenberger in front of 12 masters. Messrs. John Peters, senior, and William Echart closed the rear; each master carrying a small peal. The number of bakers in procession one hundred and thirty.

LXI. Gun Smiths.
A stage erected upon a four wheel carriage, drawn by four horses, being in length 14 feet, and in breadth 8 feet, with a motto in large letters on each side "Foederal Armoury" with a number of hands thereon at work, employed in different branches of the trade, conducted by two senior masters, viz. John Nicholson and Joseph Perkins, Abraham Morrow bearing a standard at the head of the company, in rear of the carriage, the standard decorated with sundry devices representing the arms belonging to the trade. The standard, a large white silk flag, with cross guns in the middle, at the top of the cross-guns the cap of liberty, with the letters CP (city proof) underneath the guns the cross pistols, with the letter V (viewed) at the end nearest the staff a powder cask; at the opposite end the representation of three balls. The uniform of the company green baize aprons with green strings.

LXII. Copper-smiths.
A car 14 by 7 feet, drawn by four horses, with 3 hands at work at stills and tea-kettles, under the direction of Mr. Benjamin Harbeson.

A standard with the arms of the trade, and other things emblematical, surrounded with 13 stars, borne by two Masters, seventeen masters of the profession following.

LXIII. Goldsmiths, Silver-smiths and Jewellers.
William Ball, Esq. senior member, with an urn.
Standard bearers, Messrs. Joseph Gee and John Germaine, carrying a silk flag with the silver-smiths arms on one side of it -- Motto --
"Justitia Virtutum Regina"

And on the reverse the Genius of America, holding in her hand a silver urn, with the following Motto: "The purity, brightness and solidity of this metal is emblematical of that liberty which we expect from the new constitution." Her head surrounded by 13 stars, 10 of them very brilliant, representing the states which have ratified; 2 of them less bright, representing New York and North-Carolina, whose ratifications are shortly expected; one with 3 dark points and 2 light ones, an emblem of Rhode-Island, and one of equal lustre with the first ten, just emerging from the horizon, near one half seen, for the rising state of Kentucke; after which followed the rest of the masters, with their journeymen and apprentices; in all thirty-five.

LXIV. Distillers.
On a standard of light blue silk a still, wormtub and other implements of the business, neatly painted: the standard borne by Mr. Michael Shubert, and followed by 12 distillers.

LXV. Tobacconists,
Headed by Mr. John Riley: The standard of white silk; a tobacco plant with 13 leaves, 10 in perfection, 3 leaves not finished, a hogshead of tobacco on one side of the plant, a roll of plug tobacco, bottle and bladder of snuff, over the plant on the other side are 13 stars, 10 silvered, and shining bright, the other three not finished--carried by Mr. Thomas Leiper: -- Motto --
"Success to the Tobacco Plant."

Each member with a green apron and blue strings, a plume of the different kinds of tobacco leaves in his hat, and different tools of his profession in his hands. Conductors--Messieurs Hamilton, Few, Stimble and Murphy. Seventy in number.

Page 18

LXVI. Brass-founders.
Mr. Daniel King in a car drawn by four grey horses, with emblematical colours, and a furnace in blast during the whole procession. He finished a three inch howitzer, which was mounted and fired with the artillery on Union Green; his journeymen and apprentices also neatly executed several other articles in that ingenious branch. -- The motto of the colours -- "In vain the Earth her Treasure hides."

The whole was executed by Mr. King, at his own expense.

LXVII. Stocking Manufacturers,
Headed by Mr. George Freytag; 50 in number; their colours white, with a pair of blue stockings across, a cap above, a finger mitt below, incircled with a gilded heart, a gilded crown with ten horns or points; on each a blue star, above all -- Motto --
"The Union of the American Stocking Manufacturers"

LXVIII. Tanners and Curriers.
Tanners 25 in number, led by Mr. George Leib; carrying the flag with the company's arms -- Motto --
"God be with us."

Curriers, led by Mr. George Oakley, carrying the flag with the company's arms -- Motto --
"Spes nostra Deus"

Followed by thirty-four of trade, each carrying a currying knife, and wearing a blue apron and jean coatee of our new manufactory.

LXIX. Upholsterers.
Headed by Messieurs John Mason and John Davis: In front a cushion with its drapery, on which fluttered a dove with an olive branch in its mouth, and on its head a double scroll -- Motto --
"Be Liberty thine":

Followed by a cabriole sopha decorated.

LXX. Sugar-refiners
Conducted by the Hon. Christopher Kucher, captain Jacob Lawerswyler, Messrs. Benjamin Penington, John Morgan, David Miereken, Adam Cornman and Henry Clause, wearing black cockades, blue sashes and white aprons, with a blue standard, arms on a gold field, the Cap of Liberty on a staff between two loaves of sugar -- Motto -- "Double refined", in a blue field, 13 stars; crest, a lighted candle in a candlestick, on the foot the word proof, beneath American Manufactures, ornamented with sugar canes, followed by thirty-six with white aprons, on which were painted sugar loaves, marked 10, and bearing the various implements of the business.

LXXI. Brewers.
Ten in number, headed by Reuben Haines, with ten ears of barley in their hats, and sashes of hop vines, carrying malt-shoves and mashing oars; one dray loaded with malt and hops, and one loaded with two hogsheads and a butt, marked "beer, ale, porter," with the following inscription, "proper drink for Americans;" a standard carried by Luke Morris, decorated with the brewers arms; -- Motto -- home brew'd is best.

LXXII. Peruke-makers and Barber Surgeons.
Preceded by Messrs. Perrie and Tautwine, full dressed. The standard, a white field with the arms of the company, and other devices suited to the occasion, viz. A pillar, the emblem of strength, with a cap of liberty, supported by twelve hands, in gules, representing the twelve concurring states that called the grand convention; a Pelican and her young, in a field azure, the arms of the Barber Surgeons: A Goat rampant, in full coat, argent, in a field, sable, the arms of the Peruke-makers; with two arms extended at top, hand in hand, the emblem of union and friendship; supporters to the arms, a land and river horse, with ornaments -- Motto -- "United we stand."

Page 19

The Treasurer of the company--The Trustees--The company by seniority, hand in hand, 6 abreast consisting of seventy two, each wearing a white sash, with a black relief down the middle, and cockades of the same, in honor of the first and great Ally of the United States.

LXXIII. Engravers.
Their armorial insignias (occasionally devised) were--Orr on a Chevron engrailed gules, (between a parallel ruler sable, barred and studded of the first, and two gravers falter-ways azure, handled of the third;) Three plates; the crest, a copper plate on a sand-bag proper, inscribed underneath, in large capitals, ENGRAVERS.

(No Return)

LXXV. Brush-makers.
A white flag, with a wild boar, and a bundle of bristles over him; the Motto:
"Federal Brush Manufactory."
The flag carried by Mr. Roger Fahavan, junr.

LXXVI. Stay-makers.
Represented by Mr. Francis Serre, with his first journeymen carrying an elegant pair of ladies stays.

Corps of Light Infantry, commanded by Capt. Rees, with the standard of the 2d regiment.

The Civil and Military Officers of Congress in the City.

The Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania.
His Excellency the PRESIDENT was too much indisposed to attend.

The Justices of the Common Pleas and the Magistrates.

Sheriff and Coroner, on horseback.

Board of city Wardens.
City Treasurer, and secretary to the board.
Clerks of the markets, with standard weights and measures.
Constable of the watch, with his two assistants, bearing their staves.
20 Watchmen, with their flams decorated, and in their proper dress.
20 silent watchmen, with their staves.
Watchmen, calling the hour 10 o'clock, and a glorious star light morning.
The hour and stars alluded to the 10 states who have adopted the constitution.

The Street Commissioners.

The gentlemen of the Bar, headed by the Honorable Edward Shippen, Esquire, President of the Common Pleas, and William Bradford, Esquire, Attorney-General, followed by the Students of Law.

The Clergy of the different Christian denominations, with the rabbi of the Jews, walking arm in arm.

The College of Physicians, headed by their President, Dr. John Redman, and followed by the students in physic.

Page 20

Students of the University, headed by the Vice-Provost, and of the Episcopal Academy, and most of the schools in the city, preceded by their re(s)pective Principals, Professors, Masters and Tutors, a small flag borne before them inscribed with these words, "The Rising Generation."

The County Troop of Light Horse, commanded by Major W. Macpherson, brought up the rear of the whole.

Major Fullerton attended the right wing, and Col. Mentges the left wing of the line.

Messrs. Stoneburner, Hilzheimer and Jonathan Penrose, furnished and superintended the horses for the carriages.

This grand procession began to move from the place of rendezvous about half past nine (as was before mentioned) and the front arrived at Union Green, in front of Bush-Hill, about half past twelve. The length of the line was about one mile and a half, the distance marched through about 3 miles. As the procession came into Fourth-street, captain David Zeigler and lieut. John Armstrong had drawn up their company of continental troops,and saluted the procession as it passed, according to military rule.

A very large circular range of tables, covered with canvas awnings, and plentifully spread with a cold collation, had been prepared the day before by the committee of provisions. In the center of this spacious circle the Grand Edifice was placed, and the ship Union moored. The flags of the consuls and other standards were planted round the Edifice.


Having read this interesting account, let us inquire a bit more closely into the matter--what finally happened to the Federal Ship Union, and what did the "collation" consist of at Bush Hill?

Strangely enough I found the answer to these questions in Watson's Annals of Philadelphia (written in 1842). He tells us in part that:

"It was to celebrate a nation's freedom, and a peoples system of self-government, a people recently made free by their desperate efforts, the remembrance of which then powerfully possessed every mind. The scene ought not to be forgotten. We should impress the recollections of that day, and of the imposing pageantries upon the minds of our children and of our children's children. This has been already (In 1842, remember) too much neglected; so that even now, while I endeavour to recapitulate some of the most striking incidents of the day, I find it is like reviving the circumstances of an almost obliterated dream, I did not see the spectacle but it was the talk of my youthful days for years after the event," Mr. Watson goes on to describe the scene at some length by saying: "It was computed that five thousand people walked in the procession. The whole expense was borne by the voluntary contributions of the tradesmen enrolled in the display, and what was very remarkable, the whole of the pageantry was got up in four days,"

"Upon arrival at Bush Hill (which, as far as I can make out, was about 19th and the Parkway) an ovation, on the occasion was delivered by James Wilson, Esquire, after which the whole members of the procession sat down to the tables to dinner; no wine or ardent spirits were present but porter, beer and cider flowed for all who would receive them. They drank ten toasts in honor of the then ten confederated states.

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"As the cannon announced these, they were responded from the ship Rising Sun, laying in the Delaware, off High Street, decorated with numerous flags. This great company withdrew to their houses by six o'clock in the evening, all sober, but all joyful."

"I have in my possession, from the papers of the late Tench Francis, Esq., the bills and expenses of the procession and entertainment from which I select the following items to wit: Federal car £ 37; triumphal car, £ 15; six awnings, or tents, cost £ 3 10 s to £ 4 severally; seven thousand feet of scantling, for frames--putting up booths, £ 32; Indian plate (silver) ornaments, £ 9; six musicians, £ 6 5 s; one hundred rockets used on board the Rising Sun, in the Delaware, £ 12 10 s; sixteen flags, £ 25; materials for the Federal ship, £ 55 7 s, workmanship gratis. For the good cheer of the multitude at Bush-Hill, to which the procession went, there were provided -- four thousand pounds of beef, at 4 d and 5 d; two thousand six hundred pounds of gammon (smoked ham) at 6 d; thirty barrels of Flour, at 31 s, and baking the same, at 7 s 6 d; five hundred pounds of cheese, at 6 d; thirteen hogsheads of cider at 60 s; and one hundred barrels of strong beer, at 30 s."

Now for the Federal ship Union, which started life as the barge belonging to the Serapis and was captured by Captain Paul Jones in the Bon Homme Richard, I found in a foot-note, when Mr. Watson was describing the ship that--"I had the pleasure to see this ship lying at anchor in the Schuylkill, at Grey's Ferry, where she was long preserved as an attraction to that celebrated garden and inn, and was at last sunk in deep water off the mouth of Mayland's creek a little above the ferry." Somehow, I like to linger over this chance remark.


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